Description[John S. "RIP" Ford]. Texas Ranger John Littleton Discharge Signed. One page, 15.25" x 10", "Camp Carricitas [Cameron County, Texas]," June 16, 1861. The document certifies that "Fred Pell . . . of Captain John Littleton's Company of Mounted Volunteers, part of the Forces of the Rio Grande Military District, Lately commanded by John S. Ford" was "Honorably Discharged from the Military Service of the State of Texas, as a Private." The discharge contains a breakdown of pay for his service from February 20 until June 16, 1861, and other expenses totaling $124.74. Folds are weak and separating at the left edge. Docketed on the verso. Overall toning, especially along the folds.
During the Civil War, RIP Ford was in command of the military district of the Rio Grande along the southern border with Mexico. Ford and his Mounted Volunteers were tasked with protecting the frontier from Union troops, marauding Indians, and raids from Mexico, including those led by Juan Cortina.
John Littleton (circa 1825-1868), a native of Tennessee, arrived in Texas in 1856. Two years later, he had joined William G. Tobin's company of Mounted Volunteers for a span of five days, but rejoined as a lieutenant at the beginning of the Cortina War, being promoted to captain when Tobin became major of John S. "RIP" Ford's old battalion. He left his company in January 1860, joining Ford in his new battalion. A delegate to the Texas Secession Convention, he served the Confederate Army as a captain of cavalry fighting Indians on the frontier until late 1863 and participated in the final battle of the war, Palmito Ranch.
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