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    [French and Indian War]. Morris Griffith Archive. Group of eleven manuscripts dating from September 12, 1721 through February 17, 1751, relating to Morris Griffith, Welsh settler of colonial Pennsylvania, and frontiersman known to George Washington as "a Welsh man" and Indian interrupter. Includes letters addressed to Griffith (in English and his native Welsh), land deeds, and his last will and testament.

    In a letter from 1721, Griffith's aunt relates family news from Wales, stating: "they made his friends and relations that came to his funeral most heartily welcome, & made the priest preach on their charges."

    A 1729 land deed regarding Griffith's land is certified by Surveyor General of Chester County, John Taylor, and says his land in Willis Town is "Containing one Hundred and twenty five acres besides the Usual Allowance for roads and highways."

    In his last will and testament, dated February 17, 1751, and signed by Griffith, he grants his lands and fortunes to his wife, children and relations, some still residing in Carmarthenshire, Wales. He also bequeaths to Jane Messer, his indentured servant, "The sum of Ten Pounds Pennsylvania currency and One Bed & Bedding after the Decease of my Wife..."

    A prominent figure among the settlers of the Welsh Tract in Pennsylvania, Morris Griffith went on a hunt in 1755, in the wilds of Virginia. He did not return for several months, and it was thought he was killed by the Shawnee. He returned several months later, and it is recorded that he was captured at Fort Vause, later making his escape.

    Condition: Fragile, with weakness at the folds, occasionally resulting in pin holes of paper loss. The usual wear, toning and foxing for the age, with some chipped edges and smoothed folds.


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    November, 2015
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