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    [Dawson Massacre]. Nicholas Dawson Autograph Document Signed. One page, 7.5" x 4", Austin, Texas; November 7, 1840. A document in which Dawson certifies that William M. Steel was a volunteer in his company in a campaign against Comanche Indians: "I do certify that William M. Steel entered my Company as a Volunteer on a Campaign against the Comanche Indians on the 20th day of Sept last having served faithfully as a Private up to the present time is at this date Honorably discharged and allowed 12 days to return Home." The document was sent to J. H. Moore, a colonel in the company.

    Nicholas Mosby Dawson (1808-1842) was born in Woolford, Kentucky and later moved with his parents to White County, Tennessee. He moved to Texas in 1834 and two years later enlisted in the Texas revolutionary army and participated in the Battle of San Jacinto. He served as captain of a militia company in 1840 during a campaign against Comanche Indians, which is referred to in the document offered here.

    In the fall of 1842, Mexican General Adrián Woll invaded Texas and Dawson organized a small company. In response to Mathew Caldwell's call for volunteers. While attempting to join Caldwell's forces on Salado Creek near San Antonio, Dawson and his men were surrounded by a large number of Mexican cavalry on September 18. The ensuing battle, known as the Dawson Massacre, resulted in the death or capture of nearly all the Texans. Dawson was among the casualties.

    John Henry Moore (1800-1880) participated in the Texas revolution and served as a colonel in a military campaign against Comanche Indians in 1840 between the Concho and Colorado rivers.

    A scarce document linking two heroes of the Texas revolution recording action against the Comanches. From the Robert E. Davis Collection.

    Condition: The document has a horizontal and vertical fold, with shows slight weakness at intersection. Uneven margins resulting from previous trimming.


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