Description[Civil War] Texas CSA Soldier's Letters. Two letters by E.A. Treadwell writing to relatives while serving at Fort Bliss, El Paso. In a letter written to his cousin, Dr. E. W. Treadwell, 4pp, 8" x 12.5", August 11, 1861, relating news of a skirmish with Union troops. In very small part: "... we left this place under command of Col Baylor, Capt Hardiman, Cap Stafford, Capt Leek, Capt Doopwood Spy Company we left this place on the 23rd of last month for Ft. Filmore in New Mexico with 280 men on the night o f the 24th we taken a position in 600 yards of the fort and pickets were placed out and every precaution taken to storm the fort by surprise... the plan would of had been a compleat success but for the Desertion of a pickett who went in to the fort and gave the alarm... the plan was a failure we then moved across the river to take the town of Santamos distance being three miles where there were two Companys of US troops... they had got wind of us and fled to the fort leaving provisions... the Confederates entered into Masilla distance three miles the United States troops were reported crossing the river about noon of the 25th about 5 oclock the clouds of dust indicated the enemy were advancing for an attack on the town the whole of our forces was moved to the edge of the town preparation were made to five them a warm reception the houses forming an angle and are quite scattered and old corrals inclosed by walls made of dirt our men were dismounted and were formed in the corrals behind the doby walls... the citizens posted themselves on the tops of the houses on the principal streets to render their assistance the enemy advance to within 500 yards of our position and halted and formed in lines of battle with two small pieces of small cannon in the Center and the infantry and Cavalry on the wings the whole force appearing to be about 500 strong..." Much more excellent content relaying the details of the battle including the eventual surrender of 700 Union troops. Letter has uneven toning, with mailing folds and minor separation there at.
In a second letter to his Uncle dated September 21, 1861, he relays additional information about his enlistment. In part: "... I have sold myself to Jef Davis for the term of twelve months. I joined a company in Palestine on the 23rd of April and was mustered in on the 17th of May in the State Service to protect the frontier from the Indians and on the 23 of May we was mustered on the Southern Confederate States army we was ordered immediately to this place on the Riogrande..." He recounts the same battle written of to his cousin impressing that his troop of 280 men had taken prisoner 700 Union troops. He adds: "... our Commander taken possession of all the public propperty and turned the prisiners loose on parroal of Honor no to take up arms against the South he Said he had rather fight them that have to feed them... I don't think we will have any more trouble with the remainder of the abs [abolitionists] as they are all trying to get out of the Teritory..." Uneven toning and discoloration, with a few inkburns affecting several words. There is a diagonal cut across the integral sheet, with only a bit of paper loss. Overall condition of this letter is just fair to good.
Transcriptions of both letters are available upon request. Content is excellent, but too lengthy to include in whole; should be read for full appreciation and valuation.
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