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Xanthus Smith (American, 1839-1929). . Sinking of the Alabama . Circa 1865-1870. Oil on canvas. Signed on reverse Xant...

2008 June Signature Civil War Auction #6002

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Auction Ended On: Jun 29, 2008
Item Activity: 1 Internet/mail/phone bidders
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The Eisenhower Resort & Hotel
Gettysburg, PA

Xanthus Smith (American, 1839-1929)

Sinking of the Alabama

Circa 1865-1870
Oil on canvas
Signed on reverse Xanthus Smith, Sinking of the Alabama

One of Xanthus Smith's most famous subjects was the sinking of the Confederate raider CSS Alabama by the Union ship USS Kearsarge on June 19, 1864 off the coast of Cherbourg, France. This dynamic and panoramic painting depicts the Alabama, at the right of the canvas as she is taking on water, with the Kearsarge on the left making sure she is done for, eventually standing by to take on survivors. Although Smith served in the Union Navy during the Civil War, he relied on first-hand published accounts in completing this picture including those of Confederate Captain Raphael Semmes and the captain of the Union vessel, John Winslow.

This monumental encounter is captured by Xanthus Smith in minute detail. His use of the small canvas in successfully achieving a lifelike image of the ships, the sea and the ferocious battle made him famous in his own time, much sought after for his Civil War naval scenes.

The CSS Alabama had been marauding Northern shipping for two years when it made its way to the relative safety of European waters for much-needed repairs. Always on the hunt for the rebel raider, the USS Kearsarge learned of the Alabama being docked at Cherbourg and gave chase, setting up at the port to await Alabama's exit. On June 19, 1864, escorted by a neutral French ironclad Couronne, the Alabama entered international waters where it engaged the Kearsarge. Although the Alabama's shells found their mark on several occasions, the superior gunnery of the Kearsarge and the deterioration of the Alabama's weaponry turned the tide of battle in favor of the Union ship, a point of battle depicted here by Smith.

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Service and Handling Description: Framed - without Glass, Small (view shipping information)

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